The Impact of Chinese FDI on Employment Generation in the Building and Construction Sector of Ghana
Kwasi Boakye – Gyasi and Yao Li
One of the major concerns of governments in Africa in general and Ghana in particular is unemployment and underemployment. Most developing countries especially African countries compete to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) into their economies with the desire of improving employment level and securing a sustainable development leading to economic growth. In view of this, the creation of jobs for the unemployed and technology transfer through Chinese investments has become complementary since Chinese FDI can be an important source for employment, economic growth and transformation processes. This study focuses on the contribution of China’s FDI on employment generation in the building and construction sector of Ghana. By using a robust regression model, the results show that, Chinese FDI flows on employment through direct effects on building and construction sector of Ghana have positive and significance on employment growth. This means that, Chinese FDI contributes to an efficient workforce which benefits an economy from high productivity and leads to growth in individual household incomes.
Keywords: Chinese FDI, Employment Generation, Employment Sector, Economic Growth, Labor Market
Social Responsibility in Public Sector: Case of Romania
Organizations around the world are becoming increasingly concerned with need of a responsible approach. The performance of any organization, regardless of its form (private or public), is narrowly connected to the level of community development in which it operates, organization’ impact on environment or on society in general. Since the early 21st century, the public sector has joined other stakeholders in taking a more active role in promoting social responsibility vector at company level. In this paper we propose, through an exploratory research of the literature, to approach the role of institutions and public authorities, the public sector, in general, in supporting, promoting and developing social responsibility initiatives. Theoretical research is accompanied by an empirical research on the manner in which in Romania, a country EU member, the public sector managed to have a strategic approach in terms of social responsibility.
Keywords: Social Responsibility, Public Sector, Strategic Approach, Public Sector Involvement, Romania
The Asymmetric Impact of Growth Fluctuation on Human Development
In this paper, we re-examine the impact of economic growth fluctuation on human development indicators. Using the per capita growth rate and human development indicators for 131 countries between 1974 and 2007, we find that growth acceleration and deceleration have significant impact on the human development indicators. We also find that the effects are asymmetric. This asymmetric effect is valid both in terms of acceleration and deceleration periods and countries which are classified according to human development. Namely, the negative impact of economic deceleration on human development outcomes is greater than the positive impact of economic acceleration for all countries. The same is true for medium and low human development countries. The positive impact of economic acceleration and negative impact of economic deceleration are greater than the impacts on very high and high development countries. Therefore, economic growth must be provided, which will reach everyone and ensure everyone’s utilization of economic opportunities in order to achieve the 2023 Millennium Goals.
Keywords: Human Development, Growth Acceleration, Growth Deceleration
Internationalization as Universities’ Strive for Excellence
Nina Bijedic, Drazena Gaspar, and Sead Pasic
Internationalization, when not observed in the narrow sense of mare mobility, assumes all processes that lead to international recognition of a university. Consequently, one can think of internationalization as of all supporting processes in university’s strive for widely recognized excellence. In order to use internationalization as a drive for changes, it is necessary to observe it through different aspects: strategic documents, teaching process, RDI policy, international projects, mobility programs and quality assurance. A useful tool for monitoring success of planed processes and measures is internal benchmarking, used to bring the institution ever closer to strategic goals.
Keywords: Internationalization of University, Excellence of University
Law-Breaking Criminal Behavior Research Field the City of Rethymno – Crete
Maria Vlachadi, Fotini Evaggelidi, and Ioannis Loukataris
It is an undeniable fact that law-breaking criminal behavior among young individuals constitutes a social phenomenon which has grown out of proportion nowadays. According to Pitsela 2000, ‘Deviating behavior of young individuals involves the adoption of deviating rules and principles and especially the ones learnt within the framework of a subculture which contravenes the prevalent culture’. It should also be noted that law-breaking criminal behavior of young people is particularly important since the young are the ones who will integrate in the social total and gradually take over positions and roles in various sectors of social life. Thus, it is evident that any form of deviating behavior from the young constitutes an alarming phenomenon which directly affects the harmony of the social total. During the last two decades in Europe the rapid increase of law-breaking criminal behavior among juvenile immigrants has been the object of study of special scientists, the broader social total and the state in search of various ways to deal with this phenomenon. What follows is a survey conducted in the University of Crete in the city of Rethymno concerning the issue of law-breaking criminal behavior among young immigrants in Greece.
Keywords: Immigrants, Social Exclusion, Law-Breaking Criminal Behavior, Rethymno
Aksemsettin Mah. Kocasinan Cad.
Erenoglu Is Merkezi
Fatih – Istanbul, TURKEY
Email: [email protected]
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.