Some Aspects of the Integration of Syrian Refugees in Turkey
Ahmet Bariscil, Wisam Neema Hussein, and Abdulkerim Yavuzaslan
Today, Turkey -once a quite uniform country- is home for one of the largest refugees population on Earth. The massive influx of asylum-seekers did not only transform Turkey in terms of ethnic and religious diversity but featured a major challenge and national security issue. After six years of experience as a host country, the Middle Eastern nation is still in the learning phase of a much longer process of amalgamation of ethnic Turks, Kurds and other minorities with Turkish passport and Syrian refugees. In our current paper using a set of diverse sources (analysis, survey, description and fresh news) and both quantitative and qualitative approaches, we would like to present a concise governmental policy designed to accommodate better those who are still considered to be special guests of the Turkish nation. This plan has five main steps to be analyzed. Namely, we have to deal with the questions of providing security, material goods, proper education and Turkish language instruction and an opportunity to work and do business. Finally, we would like to underline the fact that the success of this process largely depends on the quality of education of both refugees and Turks in order to better know and accept each other.
Keywords: Turkey, Syria, Refugee, Integration, Humanitarian Aid
The Effect of Motivation, School Grades and the Level of Parent’s Education on the Interest of Taking Higher Degree Study
Muhammad Idris Sunarno
The aim of this study is to determine whether there is a significant influence of learning motivation, learning outcomes, and education level of parents on a student’s interest to study to university at the district of Sungai Keruh (Sub Murky) Muba, Indonesia. This study aims to identify and analyze the influence of learning motivation, learning outcomes, and education level of parents on a student’s interest to study to university. The study design used is associative. The data were obtained using a questionnaire with a total population of 328 students. The number of sample used is determined using Isac and Michael formula, and the sampling method used is stratified random sampling technique. The results showed a significant influence of learning motivation, learning outcomes, and education level of parents on a student’s interest to study to the university of high school students in Sungai Keruh Muba, Indonesia.
Keywords: Motivation to Study, School Grades, Level of Parents’ Education, Higher Degree Study, MUBA-Indonesia
Social and Cultural Factors as a Cause of Encroachment of the Right to a Fair Trial: Case of Kosovo
Through this study, we will make an analysis of the legal resources of the right to a fair judgment in Kosovo by putting into place standards that are applicable in other countries as well. We can see that the right to a fair trial is not just a purely of formal right, it makes sense when the other demands of social and cultural nature are enviable to enjoy as for the right. This work will not be limited to treat the right to a fair judgment from a purely legal dimension but will treat also other social and cultural impacts that are important that this right to be accessible for all citizens indiscriminately. We will address the impact of the general living conditions, respectively the living standard and the level of cultural emancipation as a key factor in the enjoyment of the right to a fair trial. The purpose of the work focuses on treatment of these aspects, which are not of legal nature but are extremely important to have and to enjoy as for the right. Simply, we will try to emphasize that social and cultural factors cannot be abstracted when the right to a fair trial is treated.
Keywords: Right to a Fair Trial, Social and Cultural Factors
China’s Role and Status in International Society: Should its Rise Be Perceived as a ‘Threat’?
Dahlia Patricia Sterling
China has been making strides in numerous areas the entire world is still trying to grapple with and determine in what way China’s economic growth, active engagement and participation in the world system will affect nation states. Without a doubt, this has added increasing pressure and brought complications for China in continuously explaining its economic growth to a number of actors who perceive its growth and active participation in international society as a “threat”. In effect, China is still yet to define completely its new role in international society even today, and is still using its foreign policy principles and approaches in its participatory role in international society. Moreover, despite honoring its commitments to international society, it still plays a comparatively lesser role in the shaping and making of rules and regulations. Thus, rather than developing and creating new comprehensive policies geared towards shaping and making new rules and regulations to guide its action and roles in international society given that numerous changes have occurred in the world, such as more and more civil conflicts, humanitarian crisis and rogue leaders on the rise today, etc.; China needs to make changes to ensure that not only its voice is heard, but its rules and regulations are up-to-date, works and applicable along with its spoken voice. Based on these assumptions and debates, it is therefore reasonable to make an attempt to determine China’s role and status in its involvement in international society and its rise to become a global power, given its participation in international society which plays a significant part in the way the world perceives China’s rise. On this basis, the article intends to attempt to unravel China’s role and status in international society, the limitations and challenges China faces and the perception of its threat in becoming a “rising” global power.
Keywords: China’s Role and Status, International Society, Rise and Threat
Aksemsettin Mah. Kocasinan Cad.
Erenoglu Is Merkezi
Fatih – Istanbul, TURKEY
Email: [email protected]
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.