Multi-Criteria Analysis on the Strategies to the Telecommunications Development – A Case Study in Taiwan
Rebecca Huey-Ming Yen, Ying-Cheng Hung, and Guey-Lan Fu
Telecommunications development is rapid in the world. Telecommunications service markets in Taiwan have been diversified with competitiveness. Even though the 4G, ADSL and Wi-Fi are operated, cable access still could not satisfy the public’s increasing broadband access. For enhancing the competitions of services, in 2007, Taiwan’s supervisory authority has decided to open wireless broadband access business that is the Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX). However, the development of WiMAX in Taiwan had been delayed. The research would find and analyze those impact factors. The study took the methods of Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) — a hybrid MADM model combining the Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL). The DEMATEL is based on the Analytic Network Process (DANP) with VIKOR. This systematic assessment would obtain the factors’ rank, and then analyze those impact factors. The government supervision should be the first one of the most important factors. And then, the factors would be considering for business management and profit. Through the VIKOR, the largest gap from aspired level would be business management. However, the item would be pushed by government supervision level. So, the government supervision level should be the first one to improve.
Keywords: Telecommunications, Multiple Criteria Decision-Making (MCDM), VIKOR, Analytic Network Process (ANP), DEMATEL-Based ANP (DANP), WiMAX
Why Land Conflict in Rural Central Java Never Ended: Identification of Resolution Efforts and Failure Factors
Waluyo Handoko, Endang Larasati, Ari Pradhanawati, and Edy Santosa
The plantation land conflicts that occur in the village of Darmakradenan in Central Java, Indonesia, between farmers and the Indonesian National Army (TNI) have been going on for 20 years. Various conflict resolution efforts that have been carried out have always failed. Based on this, the purpose of the research is to identify conflict resolution efforts and their failure factors. The method used was a qualitative method involving parties directly involved (farmers and TNI) or indirectly involved (land tenants, village government officials, and district governments) in the land conflict as research respondents. The results of the research showed that both conflict parties had taken various ways to achieve conflict resolution, such as with military intervention, negotiation, mediation, and arbitration, but all these efforts lead to conflict resolution failure. The driving factors of this failure are a substantial structural gap between farmers and the TNI, the involvement of mediators who are not neutral, the existence of government officials who are not always in line with farmers’ expectations, and the farmers’ attitude and behavior that are hard and difficult to collaborate. The implication of the results of this research emphasizes the importance of conflict resolution efforts that lead to improving the welfare of farmers in the form of joint land management. The welfare improvement of farmers can be an alternative to the actual conflict resolution if the land ownership by farmers is impossible because the TNI has legally controlled the land.
Keywords: Farmer, Indonesian National Army, Land Conflict, Resolution
The Measurement of Behavioral Factors on Choice of Fund in Unit Trust Fund Investment: An Exploratory Factor Analysis
Tan Boon Pin, Noraani Mustapha, and Nik Maheran Nik Muhammad
The objective of this study is to develop items for the choice of the fund in unit trust fund investment in Malaysia by looking at the behavioural factors influencing the retail investors. The validity and reliability test have been applied to all the constructs. The respondents were from Kelantan, Terengganu, Penang and Kuala Lumpur. The data were analyzed using SPSS. Exploratory factor analysis was used to group the items in the process of measuring the following dimensions: (i) Snake Bite Effect; (ii) Past Success; (iii) Advice and information; (iv) Illusion of Knowledge and (vi) Judgment of fund. The results of the analysis highlighted the development of three primary underlying variables, namely considering the past, financial knowledge and miscalibration. These instruments can be used by unit trust companies, the authorities of unit trust and other banking’s product to understand the behaviour of their clients and later, can implement it to the expected new customers, and it will provide a glimpse on how behavioural factors influence the choice of fund.
Keywords: Unit Trust Fund, Exploratory Factor Analysis
Aksemsettin Mah. Kocasinan Cad.
Erenoglu Is Merkezi
Fatih – Istanbul, TURKEY
Email: [email protected]
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.