Individuals Performance Measurement in Agile Software Development
Many organizations in the last years have been shifting to Agile, especially in software development sector, to deliver their projects. Rapid changes in demands, requirements, technologies, and regulations have made it more important for organizations to respond quickly and effectively. Agile provides the flexibility to reconfigure strategies, processes, people, and technologies toward value creation. Agile promises to deliver value through small, potentially shippable product features developed within short iterations. In Agile, there is no one manager who makes all the decisions alone, but all team members participate in making important project decisions. Agile believes that teamwork is essential to deliver high-quality software. The unique characteristics of the team in Agile make it hard to fit with standard HR processes like annual individual performance reviews. This paper introduces the individual performance management in Agile environment and how the annual performance appraisal might not fit with Agile and discusses the alternatives to make a convenient performance evaluation for agile team members.
Keywords: Agile, Individual, Team, Performance, Evaluation, Measurement
Perception of Senior Managers on the Upper Limits Policy for Remuneration in Local Government: A Case of Polokwane Municipality in the Limpopo Province, South Africa
Vheli Mthombeni and Zwelibanzi Mpehle
The salaries and benefits of senior managers in South African municipalities have become a public interest precisely because they are characterized by lack of uniformity and substantial variations. Generally, the remuneration packages of these senior managers are not congruent with the expected performance, and some managers do not meet the minimum requirements and competencies to be in such positions Given these challenges, it became necessary for the South African government to regulate the remuneration of senior managers in municipalities, and therefore introduced the Regulations on the Appointment and Conditions of Employment of Senior Managers on the 17th of January 2014. This meant a shift from a practice of senior managers negotiating their salary packages to nationally regulated remuneration. This article therefore aims at investigating the perceptions of senior managers on the Upper Limits Policy by ascertaining the extent of the acceptability of the Policy by senior managers, and determining if senior managers perceive the implementation of the Upper Limits Policy as a positive and effective development as far as the recruitment and retention of senior managers in the Polokwane Municipality. The researchers opted for a qualitative approach and utilized a semi structured interview schedule to gather data from all senior managers, seven in number, in the Polokwane Municipality. The findings revealed that the introduction of the Upper Limits Policy was not well communicated to the affected parties, and therefore not supported. This therefore has negative implications on its implementation.
Keywords: Upper Limits Policy, Senior Managers, Remuneration, Recruitment, Retention
The Impact of the Falling Oil Prices on the Banking Sector and the Banking Crisis in Azerbaijan
The Banking sector in Azerbaijan has been one of the most affected sectors and volatile due to the falling oil prices. In the recent years, the government’s approach to the banking sector has changed significantly. The national currency has depreciated against the foreign currencies. The main goal of this paper is to clarify the current situation and key challenges in the Azerbaijan Banking sector including assessing the role of the Central Bank of Azerbaijan Republic (CBA). In this paper, the crucial problems in the financial sector are also indicated and some key points for the future actions are recommended.
Keywords: Banking Sector, Central Bank, Currency, Exchange Rate, Devaluation
The Aspects of Provision of Social Services Considering the Social Exclusion Dimensions in the Context of Rational Choice Theory
Janina Cizikiene and Audrone Urmanaviciene
The article analyzes the aspects of provision of social services, reducing social exclusion, in the view of rational choice theory. This approach was selected due to the fact that provision of social services often leads to discussions explaining the appropriate and rational choice of assistance for the socially excluded members of society. The authors discuss the key aspects of provision of social services, considering the dimensions and factors of social exclusion in the context of rational choice theory.
Keywords: Rational Choice Theory, Social Services, Social Exclusion
Aksemsettin Mah. Kocasinan Cad.
Erenoglu Is Merkezi
Fatih – Istanbul, TURKEY
Email: [email protected]
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.