Measuring the Quality of Life in Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Xuan Mai
Quality of life has been studied for a long time in the world. However, in Vietnam, studies on quality of life are still scare. In fact, there is no study on measuring this concept. Based on the literature review, Vietnam’s development objectives and available data, this paper proposes the methodology of measuring the quality of life in Vietnam, including developing theoretical framework, selecting indicators and composing the quality of life index. Although the quality of life in Vietnam should be considered by the capability approach in relation with the subjective wellbeing approach, the paper only calculates the quality of life index mainly based on objective indicators due to unavailable data of subjective ones. The result shows that the quality of life in Vietnam is at medium level and there are many factors that need to be improved in the future.
Keywords: Quality of Life, Subjective Wellbeing, Composite Index, Normalizing, Weighting, Aggregation
Method for Conservation of Late 19th Century Timber Framed Buildings in Istanbul: Post-Earthquake House of Kemaleddin Efendi in Dolmabahce Palace
After Sultan Abdulhamid II settled in Yildiz Palace in 1878 and started the construction of his residence buildings, he preferred the cheapest and fastest building technology: Timber framed construction. Timber framed construction technique was predominantly used in the neighborhoods nearby the Palace inhabited by the members of imperial family or high bureaucracy in the last quarter of the 19th century. Ottoman archival records reveal the construction of many timber framed post disaster houses constructed in the precincts of damaged masonry palaces and mansions after the 1894 Istanbul earthquake. One of those post-earthquake timber framed buildings is Kemaleddin Efendi’s house constructed in the courtyard of Dolmabahce Palace. Starting with the examples in Yildiz Palace, the timber framed building systems of the late 19th century differ from the traditional timber framed constructions: The factory / workshop shaped timber posts, beams and ornaments and the industrial products of the 19th century such as cement and galvanized wire used for plastering the timber walls or corrugated galvanized sheets used as roof covering brought the standardization and rationalization of traditional timber constructions. However, the industrial products of the 19th century are often considered as inappropriate interventions and are replaced with traditional materials during the conservations. This study discusses the conservation method of Kemaleddin Efendi timber framed house, based on chemical/ physical analyses of industrial building materials and the cost estimates prepared by building contractor Serkiz Balyan in 1894.
Keywords: Conservation of Timber Framed Constructions, Industrialization, Late 19th Century
International Cooperation in the Arctic Region: The Search and Rescue and the Barents Cooperation
The melting of the Arctic sea ice caused by global warming made great chances such as drilling rich natural resources, using Northern Sea Route and so on, and not only Arctic regional countries, but also other countries have been trying to get the good positions in the Arctic region. It is not easy for the counties to cooperate in the Arctic region and Arctic countries are strengthening the militarization to keep the influences. However, to develop the Arctic region, the search and rescue (SAR) should be well prepared by the international cooperation. After the Ukraine Crisis, the Arctic countries have felt Russian threat, and international cooperation including Russia became to be very difficult. However, there are regional relations differed from international relations, and the Barents cooperation seems to have great potential to think about the Arctic cooperation including SAR.
Keywords: Arctic Sea, Search and Rescue, Arctic Council, Barents Cooperation, Northern Sea Route, Militarization
Conceptualizing and Measuring the Music of Satisfaction using Associative Maps
Jose A. Martinez
The aim of this paper is to propose, from a highly pragmatic perspective, a simple but useful method for finding out what satisfaction really means for consumers, building an instrument derived from individual perceptions. In order to achieve this aim, we will conceptualize satisfaction as an identifiable musical chord, which sounds different for each individual. In addition, we will explain why the combination of the first-person data approach and associative priming should be used to generate the notes of these chords. This information can then be summarized in a consensus associative map, which represents a recognizable chord for each individual customer. Finally, the elements of this associative map can be employed by managers and executives to periodically monitor the service provided. Consequently, a satisfaction instrument can be generated for each specific research context, taking into account the complexity of individual perceptions.
Keywords: Satisfaction, Measurement, Associative Maps, Associative Priming, Music
Non-Native Employees’ Opinion on Motivation Factors of German Colleagues Working at Multinational Companies
This study contributes to the identification of factors that motivate German employees working at multinational companies. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents. The questionnaire is the result of the qualitative research, which used primary and secondary sources. The author has conducted the primary research between 1st of January, 2016 and 31st of March, 2017 in various countries. In this period 14 different cultures, twelve Europeans and two Asians, were discovered during 258 one-on-one interviews. Secondary data were collected from books, textbooks, scientific magazines, online articles, presentations and speeches. This paper presents the latest results of an ongoing quantitative research on the field of motivation factors of employees working at multinational companies. The major implication of the study is that setting standards and defining HR policies taking into consideration the evaluated motivation factors help strengthen employee’s motivation and create sustainable bonds between employee and company. Motivation is in the centerpiece of HR policies of multinational organizations. Many companies are strong at attracting talents, but many fail to retain new hires. Digital transformation disrupts the workplace and motivation of talented employees becomes critical for the sustainable future of the companies. As of 20th November 2018, 101 people evaluated the 16 motivation factors identified in the German profile. This article presents the respondents’ feedbacks and thus contributes to the search for scarce “Industry-4.0-minded talents”, where companies need to build new understanding of motivation factors of their own and their future employees.
Keywords: Cross-Cultural Communication, Human Resource Management, Motivation, Motivation Factors, Multinational Companies, International Project Management
Aksemsettin Mah. Kocasinan Cad.
Erenoglu Is Merkezi
Fatih – Istanbul, TURKEY
Email: [email protected]
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.