Mediated Compassion and the Politics of Displaced Bodies
In media’s attempt to humanize the impact of war, dramatic images of disgruntled human bodies seeking refuge in faraway lands have become symbols of suffering and calls for humanitarian action. However, some media scholars are claiming that compassion fatigue is desensitizing media audiences to the human cost of war. This article argues that certain images resonate with greater signification that offers new ways of looking at compassion as a form of dialogue. The photo of Kim Phuc, the young Vietnamese girl burned by napalm on the fields of Vietnam stands out in our collective memory. There are many others but only a few attain such iconic status. And as war becomes more politically complex, so too are media’s role in portraying the suffering of children especially in the context of forced migration. The photographic image of the three-year old Syrian boy, Aylan Kurdi, washed ashore on a beach in Turkey and the many discourses it engendered represent a new mediated form of human suffering. As Barthes argued, there is a difference between a photograph that “shouts” and a photograph that “wounds”. The swift refugee policy changes expressed by some world leaders days after Aylan’s image came out in mass media is revealing on many levels. Drawing from online media coverage of this particular media event, this article argues that media’s dialogic potential problematizes competing arguments between moral obligation and moral imperialism where culture and race are implicated in policy decisions on refugeehood and cultural integration.
Keywords: Mediated Compassion, Refugeehood, Dialogic Compassion, Displaced Bodies, New Media
The Impact of Logistics Industry on Economic Growth: An Application in OECD Countries
Sevgi Sezer and Tezcan Abasiz
The most significant elements that enable us to understand economic growth and development levels of nations are economic indicators of the country of interest. As much as these indicators have positive and high values, they affect the economic, social, psychological and cultural texture of the nation positively. These effects increase the culture, living and welfare levels of the individuals in the society. Logistics is one of the tools that play an important role in the change and improvement of economic indicators. Logistics industry provides significant macro contributions to national economy by creating employment, and creating national income and foreign investment influx. On the micro scale, logistics industry is a key industry in increasing the competitive power of corporations. Furthermore, the logistics industry has an important mission in revitalizing and improvement of the competitiveness of other industries. Today, all industries are dependent on logistics sector. The present study aimed to investigate how the logistics variables of transportation and communication affected economic growth in 34 OECD countries. The effect of both transportation industry variables and communication industry variables that form the logistics industry on the increase in per capita income in OECD countries was identified.
Keywords: Logistics Industry, Economic Growth, Panel Data Analysis, OECD Countries, Foreign Trade, Transportation and Communications Industry
State Experiences in the Application of Performance Management in the Context of Differences between Administrative Cultures
As a result of welfare state policies in the 20th century, public institutions grew, diversified, and the field of public administration expanded considerably in terms of public services. This has brought about cumbersome, resource waste, paperwork and similar problems in public administration. But especially after the economic crisis of the 1970s, the debate about public administration’s fundamental change and transformation has been intensified. These debates, which also constitute the foundations of the New Public Management, led to a re-questioning of the public administration and a radical transformation. Changing systems have foreseen a state that provides faster and more efficient services and the state has to adopt a structural transformation that limits its activities to provide efficient services instead of operating in every field. In this transformation process, it is being argued that the private sector and the public sector are not different from each other and that the techniques successfully applied in the private sector can also be implemented by the public administration. In this context, the most important tool that comes out to provide effective and efficient service in public administration is performance concept and performance management process. But management tradition and culture have a great influence in the implementation and success of this technique. Anglo-Saxon state tradition, which attaches importance to organizational understanding and practice, is more inclined to adapt modern management techniques to public administration; Continental Europe state tradition seems to be more distant from these techniques by giving more importance to theory and public institutions.
Keywords: New Public Management, Performance Management, State Traditions
Multi-Word Compound Consistency Issues in Spelling. The Case of Legal Language of Bank Contracts
Katerina T. Frantzi and Konstantina Vadasi
This study deals with the identification of inconsistencies in the way of spelling specific Greek word formulations, focusing on the spelling of specific multi-word compounds either as one or as two words. Spelling inconsistencies are very useful to find since they can cause problems in translation and in communication in general. The existence of such inconsistencies is explored in a number of Greek dictionaries and grammars. These inconsistencies are particularly important to find in Languages for Specific Purposes and this work focuses on the special language used in bank contracts. The special language of bank contracts has been chosen due to its importance in the current world economic situation. A corpus-based methodology is applied, ensuring accuracy and completeness, for processing BanCo, the dynamic Greek corpus of bank contract documents, for the exploitation of spelling situations in real language material. The processing reveals a variety of multi-word compounds that often appear with different spellings.
Keywords: Multi-word Compounds, Corpus-based Studies, Bank Contracts, Legal Language
Contacts and Intercultural Dialogue as Integrated Social Values
Minevere Morina Rashiti
This paper presents not only a linked segment but as well explores cultural level contacts as a generation of establishing linkages and intercultural dialogue among people, countries, ethnicities, groups and individuals. The topic treats culture as a phenomenon, cultural ties and conflicts dominating human cultural integration, not only in the Balkans and Europe, but even in wider area. This is because of the fact that Balkans integration is presented as premium of European universal. Through this paper we elaborate significance of culture, intercultural communication, conflict resolution, cultural dialogue, cultural conversation and types of conflicts and relation of culture all along with conflict management. Conflicts, confrontation of civilizations; the ideology of confrontation and processes of war in terms of welfare and peace culture, human values will be processed. Furthermore, we examine the functioning of the culture of dialogue, cultural organization, finding problems all along with mediation, restoration of the practical dimension of multiculturalism.
Keywords: Culture, Socio-Cultural, Inter-Culture, Cultural Conflict, Fields of Culture and Ways of Integration and Concepts
Aksemsettin Mah. Kocasinan Cad.
Erenoglu Is Merkezi
Fatih – Istanbul, TURKEY
Email: [email protected]
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.